American Bulldog (AB)–Typically larger than the Pit Bull, this is a breed
that was created from bulldogs brought over to America from England early in the 1900’s. Generally this breed is mostly white, with or without solid or brindle patches, and should have uncropped ears. Fanciers of this breed often claim this is the “orignal” bulldog. While it may very well be a close representation of the “breed that started it all”, the AmBull is actually a relatively new breed, and should be considered a “recreation” of the APBT’s very close ancestor..
American Bully–The American Bully has a short, close, stiff to the touch and glossy coat. All colors and patterns are acceptable. The head of the American Bully is a medium length, deep through, broad skull, very pronounced cheek muscles, distinct stop, and high set ears. The ears can be cropped or uncropped.The American Bully is a happy, outgoing, stable and confident dog. Gentle and loving toward people. Good-natured, amusing, extremely loyal and an affectionate family pet. Almost always obedient, this dog wants nothing more than to please its master. It is an extremely courageous and intelligent guard dog that is very full of life.
American Pit Bull Terrier (APBT)–The full, correct name for the breed
commonly referred to by its nick name, “Pit Bull”. This is a purebred
breed of dog, recognized by the United Kennel Club (UKC) and the
American Dog Breeders Association (ADBA).
American Staffordshire Terrier (AST)–Also known as AmStaff. A
purebred breed of dog recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC).
All AmStaffs are direct descendants of American Pit Bull Terriers. No
other breed was used in the establishment of the AmStaff. Some people
still consider AmStaffs and Pit Bulls to be one and the same.
Bloodline–A bloodline is a fairly recognizable, related “family tree” of
dogs, usually produced by a specific kennel, or “foundation dog” from
which it has its origins. A specific bloodline should produce offspring that
have fairly predictable and somewhat unique conformation and
temperament traits, within the scope of what is normal for the breed.
Bloodlines are named, sometimes after specific dogs from which the
foundation was started, othertimes from the kennel of origin. Examples:
the Jeep bloodline, from which the famous pit dog Garrett’s/Crenshaw’s
Champion Jeep is the foundation, or White Rock, which is a kennel
based out of Texas with a recognizable “family tree” of dogs.
Breaking stick–A smoothed out piece of wood with a flat end used to
pry open the jaws of a dog that is gripping something. This tool is
typically associated with dog fighters, but possession of a breaking stick
is by no means an automatic indication of illegal activity. Responsible Pit
Bull owners would do well to keep one handy at all times, “just in case”.
Bulldog, (English)–Capitalized. This is the breed registered with the
AKC as simply “Bulldog”. It is a very old breed, and in its original form,
this was the dog that helped largely create the APBT. However, the
modern day Bulldog is so radically different from the original version,
that it is virtually a completely new breed, barely resembling the old
time bulldog of English bull-baiting fame. For more information on the
Bulldog, click here.
Bulldog–Not capitalized Some breed fanciers tend to refer to their
APBTs as “bulldogs”. Realize that “bulldog” is more a classification than
any sort of official name or even a nick-name. Just as there are many
“types” of retrievers, hounds, or terriers, there are a number of breeds
that fall under the heading of “bulldog”. Also, many people believe that
the APBT is the closest living replica of the original bulldog, and feel that
the breed got “cheated” when the name was officially given to that
OTHER bulldog, the English version recognized by the AKC. In casual
conversation, the name still gets used quite frequently in reference to
Bull Terrier (BT)–The “Budweiser dog”, very often mistaken for a Pit
Bull. This breed was developed by crossing Pit Bulls with the Dalmatian,
Pointer and white English terriers. It is similar in build and close in size
to the Pit Bull, but its head–being egg-shaped–is the feature that sets
it apart from other similar breeds. The Bull Terrier is recognized by the
AKC. For more information on the breed, go here.
Gamedog/Gamebred–A dog/bloodline that has been proven in the pit
to be “game”. Use of this term without dogs in the first few generations
and beyond having been fought is erroneous and/or fraudulent.
Beware breeders that boast “gamebred” dogs – they are either
lying/uninformed, or involved in dog fighting.
Gameness–The exact definition of “gameness” varies greatly
depending upon whom you ask. However, most Pit Bull fanciers can
agree that this is the single most important trait the APBT possesses,
and without the gameness, the dog is just a shell of what it should be.
In the most general sense of the term, gameness can be described as
“an unwillingness to give up, even under the most difficult of
circumstances and despite the threat of death.” Good breeders strive to
preserve this trait in their dogs through some sort of working activity,
be it stock work, bite sports, weight pulling, Iron Dog trials, etc. While
some fanciers insist that the only way to preserve “real” gameness is in
the fighting pit, modern society and humane attitudes dictate that we
look to other ways to preserve the stable, tenacious, working
temperament of the breed. Hot debates have raged as to whether or
not this is even possible. However in a society in which dog fighting is
not only illegal but morally objectionable, faniciers/breeders would do
well to come together and unite in common agreement as to what can
be done LEGALLY to preserve this most noble of breeds before it is too
late and the true working Pit Bulldog is just a memory of the past. (It
should be noted that gameness does NOT equal dog-aggression.)
Pit Bull–Capitalized. The nick name of the breed known as the
American Pit Bull Terrier (APBT). The only breed that can rightfully be
called a Pit Bull is the APBT. Any other use of the name is in fact
Pit bull (pit bull type dog)–Not capitalized. Used to describe Pit Bulls
and any other similar, related, or look-a-like breed, mix or dog of
unknown ancestry. Also sometimes used to describe any type of dog
used for pit fighting. Although it is technically incorrect to call anything
but a purebred APBT a Pit Bull, use of the term “pit bull” to describe a
specific group of dogs has become so commonplace in certain circles
that we felt the need to include it in the list of definitions. Breeds that
are typically referred to as pit bulls or pit bull type dogs (including in
breed-specific legislation): American Pit Bull Terriers, American
Staffordshire Terriers, Staffordshire Bull Terriers, Bull Terriers and
American Bulldogs, also any mix of the above mentioned breeds, or
dogs that look similar to the above mentioned breeds.
Staffordshire Bull Terrier (SBT)–
A close relative of the Pit Bull and
AmStaff. When the bull-and-terrier crosses were being made in the
1800’s, certain strains that stayed in England developed into the SBT.
Eventually, the SBT made its way to America where it was later recognized by the AKC. This breed is a bit smaller than the Pit Bull and AmStaff, never has cropped ears, and as a rule tends to be much less dog-aggressive (although some strains have retained that traditional combat-dog nature). For more information on the SBT, check out The Stafford Exchange